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Tuesday, August 20, 2013

Tips for ICT (Trial & Real SPM 2013)

1.1 Introduction to Information and Communication Technology
Define ICT.
Describe the brief evolution of computers.
List the usage of ICT in everyday life.
State the differences between computerised and non-computerised  systems.
State the impact of ICT on society.

1.2 Computer Ethics and Legal Issues
Define Computer Ethics, Code of Ethics, Intellectual Property, Privacy, Computer Crime and Cyber Law.
Differentiate between ethics and law.
State the need for intellectual property laws.
List ways to protect privacy.
State authentication and verification technologies :
User identification, Possessed Object, Biometric device
List effects of controversial contents on society: Pornography and Slander
Describe the process of filtering to control access to controversial contents. the need for Cyber Law. briefly the computer crimes: Fraud, Copyright Infringement, Theft, Attacks

1.3 Computer Security computer security. briefly the different threats to computer security:
* Malicious code        * Hacking         *  Natural disaster     *  Theft the appropriate security measures to overcome the computer threats the correct security procedures :  Antivirus, Anti-Spyware, Firewall, Data backup                 
Cryptography (Cipher text, Plain text), Human aspects

2.1 System Concept
Define computer systems.
State the meaning of input, process, output and storage.
Describe the information processing cycle: input, process, output and storage. the relationship of data representation: bit, byte and character. the function of ASCII code. the units of data measurement
Bit, Byte, Kilobyte (KB), Megabyte (MB), Gigabyte (GB) and  Terabyte(TB) the units of clock speed measurement:  Megahertz (MHz),Gigahertz(GHz)

2.2 Hardware the input devices used for text, graphic, audio and video. the output devices used for text, graphic, audio and video the location of the central processing unit (CPU), expansion slots, expansion cards, RAM slots, ports and connectors on the motherboard.

Explain types and functions of :  primary storage and secondary storage
State the differences between primary storage (RAM, ROM) andsecondary storage (hard disk, thumb drive, CD ROM, floppy disk)
2.3 Software
State the various types of Operating System (OS) used on different platforms.
State the functions of OS – e.g Starting a computer, Provides a user interface.
State the different interfaces of Operating System :
Command Line Interface e.g: DOS  and Graphical User Interface e.g :Windows XP
State the types of application software (word processing, spreadsheet, presentation, graphic).
Describe the uses of application between the types and usage of utility program (files management, diagnostic and file compression). between proprietary and open source software.

3.1 Basic Concepts of Computer Networks and Communications
Define computer networks.
Define communications. the importance of computer networks and communications.
Define types of networks     LAN, MAN and WAN
Differentiate between the three types of computer networks. two types of network architectureClient/Server and Peer to Peer three types of network topology  Bus, Ring, Star. between the three types of network topologybus, ring, star. Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) as a protocol to facilitate communication over computer network. the types of network communications technology:
Internet, Intranet and Extranet.

3.2 Hardware Requirements the network communication devices : Network Interface Card (NIC), Wireless Network Interface Card, Modem, Hub/Switch, Router, Wireless Access Point the functions of the following: Network Interface Card (NIC),  Wireless Network Interface Card, Modem, Hub/Switch , Router, Wireless Access Point
Transmission Media  : Physical and Wireless. various types of cables such as Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP), Shielded Twisted Pair (STP), Coaxial and Fibre Optic Cable. (Physical Transmission Media) various types of (wireless transmission media) such as infrared, radio wave and satellite.

3.3 Software Requirements Network Operating System. various Network Operating System: Windows Server 2003, UNIX, Linux the functions of various client software: web browser, email client, network utilities, network file manager.

4.1 Multimedia Concepts multimedia. the use of multimedia in various fields. between the characteristics of linear and non-linear multimedia. and contrast the mediums of delivery: web-based and CD-based.
Discuss the similarities and differences between mediums of delivery. the multimedia elements: text, audio, video, graphics, animation
Match multimedia elements with the respective standard file formats.

4.2 Hardware and Software hardware that can be used to produce multimedia products:
Scanner, video camera, camera, audio devices, video capture devices editing software that can be used to produce multimedia elements:
text editor, graphics and image editor, audio editor, video andanimation editor the various concepts in authoring tools: time frame, icon and card concept.

4.3  Multimedia Development and give examples of web editors: text-based and WYSIWYG  
State user interface principles.
Apply suitable user interface principles in a project.  State the role of each member in a development team (examples: project manager, subject matter expert, instructional designer, graphics artist, audio-video technician and programmer).  Describe the  phases   in multimedia production:
analysis, design, implementation, testing, evaluation, publishing all the phases of multimedia production to produce an interactive educational multimedia project.

5.1      Basic Programming Concepts
State the definition of program.
State the definition of programming language.
Identify the generations of low-level programming languages with examples.
First Generation : Machine Language    Second Generation : Assembly Language
Identify the generations of high-level programming languages with examples.
Third Gen: C++, Java, Visual Basic  Fourth Gen: SQL, Nomad  Fifth Gen: Prolog, Mercury 
Define structured approach in programming.
Define object-oriented approach in programming.
Differentiate between structured and object-oriented approach in programming. Describe the translation method: assembler, interpreter and compiler.  
Differentiate between constants (retain) and variables (can change).
Differentiate between the data types: Boolean (logical value – true or false),
(whole number), double (decimal number), string (text) and date.
Differentiate between mathematical, logical and comparison operators.
Differentiate between sequence (no if then else statement) andselection control structure (with if then else statement).

5.2      Program Development the five main   phases   in program development:
problem analysis, program design, coding, testing and debugging, documentation program development phases to solve problems.

6.0 INFORMATION SYSTEMS                          
6.1      Concepts of Information Systems the meaning of data, information and information systems. the usage of Information Systems in education, business and management. 
List the IS components: Data, Hardware, Software, People and Procedure
Define each of the Information System components.
Describe the interrelation between information system components using a diagram. List five types of Information Systems: MIS, TPS, DSS, EIS, ES the usage of each type of information system.
Define bit, byte, field(column), record(row), and file/table.
State the hierarchy of data: Bit ® Byte ® Field ® Record ® File ®Database

6.2      Software
Define database and Database Management   Systems (DBMS).
List the benefits of using database. the relationship between attribute (field), row (record) and relation (file/table).
Define the primary key and foreign key.
State the importance of the primary key.
Differentiate between the primary key and foreign key.
State the importance of relationship between the primary key and foreign key. the following database objects/ tools: Table, form, query, report. table, query, form and report as database objects/ tools. the basic operations of data manipulation:
Update   * Insert   *  Delete   * Retrieve   *  Sort    * Filter    * Search the usage of basic operations in data manipulation.

6.3      Database Development the   phases   of systems development:
Analysis, Design , Implementation, Testing, Documentation, Maintenance

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